EVENT – Texas Archeological Society Field School 2020 Kerrville
Date: June 13-19, 2020
The Texas Archeological Society has designated the 2020 annual Field School to be on the Kemosabe property just west of Kerrville. This private property is 88 acres in size and borders the Guadalupe River and Bear Creek. Kemosabe is 1/2 mile up river and on the same river terrace as the Gatlin Site (41KR621) which was accidentally discovered by TxDOT crews in 2004 when construction for the new Thompson Drive extension to the new bridge crossing the river was begun in 2004. Gatlin has been hailed in literature as one of the most significant Early Archaic sites ever found in Central Texas. It has a robust point assemblage and 50 carbon 14 dates in addition to animal and plant remains. Much of the Research Design for the Kemosabe Field School will center on progressing learnings beyond what Gatlin could do because of its limits by construction schedules.
Based on the work that the Hill Country Archeology Association has done on the property over the last 5 years, most all of the 88 acres contains archeology deposits. The majority of the cultural deposits are on a broad terrace of the Guadalupe River.
The HCAA has been exploring the property to high grade areas to be selected for field school excavations. The terrace deposits are rich in culture containing middens, abundant lithic scatters, discrete fire cracked rock (FCR) hearths and a large variety of stone tools and projectile points. Radiocarbon dating on the site has been limited but the oldest cultural material found thus far is 7280 ybp (years before present) calibrated from an FCR hearth with associated Early Archaic Projectile point. A good representation of diagnostic points cover the Early, Middle, Late and Transitional Archaic periods. Some broken points have been found which are tentatively identified as Late Paleolithic and one Perdiz arrow point was found representing the Late Prehistoric Period.”
General Meeting, September 21, 2019
Doors open at 12 noon with refreshments. Meeting begins at 1:00 pm.
Title: The Upper Paleolithic of Texas: The Early Human Occupation of the Gault Site
Speaker: Thomas Williams, Assistant Executive Director, Gault School of Archaeological Research; and Research Associate, Prehistory Research Project, Texas Archeological Research Laboratory, University of Texas, Austin
Excavations at the Gault Site, Central Texas, have recovered a significant assemblage of stone tools, referred to as the Gault Assemblage, from the lowest stratigraphic deposits.
These earliest cultural materials were recovered from excavation Area 15 and include an early projectile point technology unique in the Upper Palaeolithic of North America. Dating using Optically-Stimulated Luminescence confirm the presence of humans in Texas before ~16,000 years ago. This talk will explore the age and use of this early technology and where it fits into the broader context of the early peopling of the New World.
Thomas Williams is the Assistant Executive Director of the Gault School of Archaeological Research and a Research Associate with the Prehistory Research Project at the Texas Archeological Research Laboratory, University of Texas at Austin. He has worked on the Gault Site collections for the past 6 years and has published on the early cultural materials. His research focus is the earliest human occupations of the Americas and specifically the stone tool technology, manufacturing processes and broader patterns in global human expansion. He earned his PhD in Archaeology from the University of Exeter, UK.