Light hearted short video – Bunkhouse Dig

For the last two years members of the HCAA have been excavating a fire-cracked rock midden in Kendall county. At the last excavation of 2020 one of the members decided to take some video which he stitched together in this video. While it is intended to be humorous, it actually shows HCAA members actively excavating and enjoying the camaraderie that excavations bring.

Become an HCAA member and join in on the fun!

Joint Zoom Meeting with Houston Archeological Society, Jan 21

Date/Time: Thursday, January 21, 2021, 7 pm

Presentation Title: The Anthropology of Hunting

Speaker: Wilson “Dub” Crook


One of the most significant aspects of prehistoric life in Texas (and North America in general) was hunting. From the earliest Paleoindian times through to the Late Prehistoric, subsistence hunting formed an integral component of the daily lives of the indigenous inhabitants of the state. But how often do we think about what hunting entails? HAS member Dub Crook will combine both his archeological knowledge with his in-depth global hunting experiences to talk about prehistoric hunting, animal behavior, and the various hunting techniques that are required to successfully stalk and kill wild game.

In his presentation, Dub will discuss hunting tactics for dangerous big game (elephant, mammoth, mastodon, buffalo, bears, big cats), plains game (antelope, deer, elk, caribou), mountain game (sheep, goats, ibex), and small game animals. He will discuss the risks and rewards facing the prehistoric peoples and how this impacted their hunting methods, strategies and decisions. He will also describe the many factors such as weather, wind, cover, ground terrain, and water/food availability that affect hunting. The objective of the talk is to give you, especially non-hunters, a better appreciation of the difficulties faced by our prehistoric inhabitants on a daily basis. This talk was a basis for a class taught by Mr. Crook to anthropology students at the University of Texas at Arlington.


Mr. Crook is a Life Member (Fellow) of the Houston Archeological Society, a Life Member of the Dallas Archeological Society, a member of the Texas Archeological Society, a member of the Center for the Study of the First Americans, a Life Member of the Gault School of Archeological Research, a Research Fellow with the Texas Archeological Research Laboratory in Austin, and a Fellow of the Leakey Foundation. He is also an Archeological Steward for the State of Texas. He is the author of over 180 papers in the field of archeology and has recently published his fourth book titled The Carrollton Phase Archaic: A Redefinition of the Chronology, Composition, and Aerial Distribution of the Early Archaic Horizon along the Trinity River, Texas.

Place: Your computer, smart phone, or laptop.

The Zoom Link will be sent separately.

For more information about this meeting, email HAS President Linda Gorski at

Zoom – General Meeting, January 16, 2021

The Zoom Meeting “Doors” will open at 12:30 pm so you can log on to the meeting. The meeting will start at 1:00 pm as usual. You will receive an email with the Zoom link several days before the meeting.

Presentation Title: Dogma and the Peopling of the Americas

Speaker: Clark Wernecke, Executive Director, The Gault School of Archaeological Research


In 1590, a novel idea was proposed to explain the presence of humans in the New World: they must have walked here from Asia. That idea seemed better than the alternatives being floated at the time so it became generally accepted and gradually added to until it became the story we teach 4th graders today. With the discovery of older materials at Blackwater Draw in New Mexico it was put forward that Clovis technology must represent these first peoples.

Unfortunately, there was never any scientific proof that this is what had happened. Popular media would have it that scientists began to doubt this train of events in the 70’s with the discovery of Monte Verde though the reality is that there have been many in the scientific community that have always doubted all aspects of this idea – who, what, when, where, and why. Recent discoveries have shown that humans were in the Western Hemisphere a lot longer than previously thought and should cause us to reexamine all aspects of the old hypothesis.

Photos are of some of the oldest materials from Gault (left photo), and a Clovis point from Zephyr, Texas, that was recently brought to the GSAR.


Clark Wernecke is the Project Director for the Prehistory Research Project at the University of Texas at Austin and Executive Director of the Gault School of Archaeological Research, a nonprofit dedicated to research and education regarding the earliest peoples in the Americas. Dr. Wernecke started his academic career with a degree in history from SMU followed by an MBA from Northwestern University, an M.A. in Anthropology from Florida Atlantic, and finally his PhD from the University of Texas at Austin. He came back to archaeology after a career in business and has worked in the Middle East, Mesoamerica, the American Southeast and Southwest, and Texas. Dr. Wernecke’s primary specialty is that of archaeological project management but he has also written extensively on architecture and paleoindian art.

Place: Your home, computer, laptop, or smart phone. Be sure your Zoom app is up-to-date.

Interesting Discoveries – Perttula Paper Kerr County

A number of prehistoric Indian pottery sherds were recently discovered by the Hill Country Archeological Association at two sites in Kerr County. The pottery types are Leon Plain, Doss Red and Caddo.

The Leon Plain and Doss Red pottery sherds are typical made by tribes here in the Hill Country from A.D. 900 to late A.D. 1700’s and were associated with the Toyah phase; whereas the Caddo pottery sherds were likely from pottery made in east Texas by the Caddo Indians during Woodland period from B.C. 500 to A.D. 1830.

The Caddo pottery sherds found during these studies were likely traded as pots and carried into the Kerr County from East Texas….Read More.

Presentation – HCAA Discovers Paleoindian Points in Kerr County!

First Saint Mary’s Hall Found. Characteristic Oblique, Parallel Flaking Pattern (but UL to LR)

The Texas Historical Commission has just posted a YouTube story of our discovery of 14 ancient St Mary’s Hall Points near bison bone and a cooking hearth during excavations in Kerr county. This exciting story is told by Steve Stoutamire and can be viewed by clicking Texas Archeology Month 2020 Virtual Symposium – Central and North-Central Texas.

Article – An English Architect in Kendall County, Alfred Giles, Architect (1853-1920) Part I

Edward Steves Home, 509 King William Street, San Antonio One of Alfred Giles’s First Designs in 1876.
(Photo by E. Eugene George)

by Myrna Flach Langford

By appearance and reputation it would seem, at first glance anyway, that it was an easy life for architect Alfred Giles. Should you meet him in late 1800s perhaps on a street in Comfort near the Faltin building or in Boerne near the old Kendall County Courthouse, where he would later oversee its new façade design and expansion, he would seem a privileged gentleman of means and talent.

You most certainly would have heard of his reputation for the fine architecture of countless Texas courthouses, military facilities, and San Antonio’s King William area mansions, as well as his large homestead, Hillingdon Ranch in Kendall County . . . (read more, pg 7-9)

Back to Bondage: The Story of the Sugarland 95

Presentation by: Reign Clark, Catrina Whitley, and Ron Ralph (October 20, 2020)

This is a fascinating and detailed archeological study of 95 African American convicts buried in a cemetery at the Bullhead Convict Labor Camp in Sugarland, Texas (41FB355). These convicts died during forced labor in sugarcane fields in the period from 1875 to 1908. The Zoom presentation is from the October 20th meeting of the Travis County Archeological Society. Lots of great detail. In the last 40 minutes the physical anthropologist gets down to the dirty story of what their living conditions and diet were like, and how this affected their heath.

Notice of Field Work

In an effort to keep HCAA membership apprised of our association’s current status, following is an update of HCAA field activities:

In early March of this year, field work at CWR was suspended due to COVID-19. In early May exploratory efforts were made with a small crew going back out to see how well CDC recommendations could be implemented in the field. Following several successful outings the number of participants was expanded to 10, the CDC-recommended limit for outdoor gatherings. Social distancing and frequent hand-washing are among the newly adopted protocols in effect for the return to regular weekly excavations.

HCAA members are welcome to join us on Mondays. You can click here to contact me, Françoise, via email, and your name will be added to a rotating list of members to be contacted. Rotation is being implemented to give all interested parties a fair chance at being contacted regarding available space.

Additionally, Paul Unger is starting up a new project. It does not have an official HCAA Principal Archeologist (P.A.) as do other HCAA controlled sites. If you are interested in assisting Paul, you may click here to contact Paul via email or at 512-760-5788 for details.

Finally, there is also a need for a few members to volunteer to help Terry Farley and John Benedict record historical cemeteries in the area. Terry and John have been coordinating an effort with the Texas Historical Commission on this effort. If you have an interest, click here to contact Terry Farley via email or at 830-496-0531.

We hope these opportunities can satisfy those members who are eager to return to participating in safe, outdoor activities with others interested in “Protecting the Past”. Françoise Wilson, P.A. for CWR

Unconventional Warfare in the Hill Country: INSURGENCY AND COUNTER INSURGENCY

In 1862, General H.P. Bee, commander of all Confederate forces in South Texas, declared Gillespie, Kerr, Kendall, Medina, and Bexar Counties – where the German protests were the strongest – to be “in open rebellion” and, in effect, declared war on them. Robert G. Schulz, Jr. wrote an unpublished article “The Nueces Massacre, also known as the Battle of the Nueces” describing the events preceding and following that terrible outrage. Read more . . .

EVENT – Texas Archeological Society Field School 2020 Kerrville


The Creek Shelter Project–HCAA-KR-44 (August 2019)

In December of 2018, Marvin Gohlke, Jr. and his son, Trei (Marvin Gohlke, III) were exploring along a bluff above a creek on a new place they had bought in Western Kerr County. . . More.

CWR Prehistoric Project (August 2019)

In December 2018, HCAA crew members began to perform hand excavations at CWR, a privately-owned ranch in west Kerr County. Since then we’ve uncovered a remarkably rich trove of artifacts. . . . More.

Johann Scherz Homestead and Grave Site Project

Author: John Benedict

In the fall of 2018, a team of HCAA members visited, surveyed, recorded the old Johann Schertz homestead. . . More.

Historic African-American Family Cemetery Project

Cleared & recorded historic cemetery in Boerne . . . Read more with Part 1 article and Part 2 article.

Former Slave Cabin Project

Surveyed a log cabin built by a former slave . . . More.


To contact us: Visit our contact page, or email contact

Mail your inquiries to HCAA, PO Box 290393, Kerrville Texas 78029-0393

“Never neglect details.” – Colin Powell